The Japanese Akita-Inu has a very long history, dating back to many centuries. However, there is much debate surrounding his origins, but from old folklore and writings, it is accepted that the Japanese Akita-Inu is a direct descendent of the Matagi-Inu with roots firmly established in the provinces of Yamagat, Akita and Iwate. In England, the Japanese Akita-Inu was separated from the Akita, by The Kennel Club(UK), in 2006.
The Japanese Akita-Inu is a large, sturdily built dog but not as heavy as the Akita and has more of an oriental expression. The breed comes in four acceptable colours, with specific ‘Urajuro’ markings. These colours are Sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), Red Fawn, White and brindle; These colours, except white, have ‘urajiro’ markings, though less visible on the brindle, the markings are whitish coat on the undersides of the jaw, sides of the muzzle, chest, neck, inside of the legs and tail. The Japanese Akita-Inu’s coat is course, straight and stand-off but more profuse on his tail.
Non-immune specific conditions known to have occurred in the Akita Inu include:
GASTRIC DILATION – (BLOAT);
Gastric Dilation is also known as bloat; may progressive to gastric dilation-voluvulus (GDV, also called gastric torsion), where the stomach twists on itself.
Microphthalmia, meaning “small eyes”, is a developmental disorder of the eye, believed to be an autosomal recessive genetic condition.
PROGRESSIVE RETINAL ATROPHY;
Progressive Retinal Atrophy progressive degeneration of the retina (part of the eye that senses light and allows sight).
Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition resulting from an improperly formed hip-joint. Because the joint is loose, the dog’s leg bone moves around too much, causing painful wear and tear.
Von WILLEBRAND’S DISEASE;
This is a hereditary disorder that can cause mild to moderately severe bleeding and a prolonged bleeding time. If you suspect that your Basset has von Willebrand’s disease, ask your vet to do a blood test and take necessary precautions before any surgical procedure.