IMPORTANT. A Dogue de Bordeaux with exaggerated features is the result of bad breeding. Credit; The Breed Club Connection.
The Dogue de Bordeaux, of a type, had been well establish in France as early at the 14th century, seen particularly around the area of Bordeaux, where the breed got his name. However, a true breed-type did not exist before about 1920 since the French insisted on the keeping the old breeding-lines pure. From, 1920, the creation of the modern Dogue de Bordeaux is nothing more than speculation of the breeds used, since no official records were ever kept.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is somewhat a relatively short, stocky breed of Mastiff type. His head is rather large and broad with a moderate amount of wrinkling; the muzzle is about fairly short, about one third in length to that of the back-skull, is relatively wide, thick and powerful, there is a pronounced stop; The large nose has wide opened nostrils, the colour depending upon the mask colour of the dog; The neck is thick skinned, loose, forming a moderate dewlap; Eyes are between hazel to dark brown, depending on his mask colour, and set wide apart; The ears are relatively small, hanging down and darker in colour than that of his coat. The tail is thick at the root, tapering gradually down to the end. Legs are well-boned and muscular; Chest is deep, reaching down to just below the elbows and wide enough for good heart room. His coat is fairly soft, short, with a moderately loose fitting skin. Coat colours vary from mahogany to various shades of fawn, with darker shades of a red or black mask, including eye-rims and lips.
Like many large breeds, Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia are health issues that can affect the Dogue de Bordeaux. Other health concerns include Demodectic Mange, Bloat, heart problems, skin disease, and eye problems. In addition, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a very fast growing dog — puppies can gain 2 to 4 pounds per week on average — and may experience Eosinophilic Panosteitis (Pano). Hypothyroidism is also a common condition in all giant breed dogs.
Hip & Elbow Dysplasia
Canine Hip Dysplasia afflicts millions of dogs each year and can result in debilitating orthopaedic disease of the hip. It is caused when the femoral head does not fit properly in the hip socket, causing instability of the joint. Over time, this malformation can cause degenerative joint disease which causes increased pain and immobility.
Elbow Dysplasia may be due to different growth rates of the three bones making up the elbow. In affected dogs, the joint is lax or loose and, in mildly affected dogs, leads to painful arthritis. Severely affected dogs can develop Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD), fragmented medial coronoid processes and united anconeal processes resulting from the stress in the joint.
Through selective breeding strategies, veterinarians and breeders are attempting to eliminate Canine Hip Dysplasia. All breeding dogs should be x-rayed and certified clear by the Orthopedic clinical Specialist.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.
Credit; The United Kennel Club. – http://www.ukcdogs.com/