According to the first verifiable writings, from books published in the early part of the eighteenth century, the Dachshund was originally named ‘Dachs Kriecger’ – (‘Badger crawler’ ). Originally, the German Dachshund was larger than the modern-day ‘standard’ Dachshund. Although this breed was well-known for the part it played in Badger hunting, it was also used to hunt rabbit and fox as well as locating any wounded deer. When these hounds were out hunting in packs it is believed they would bring-down larger game, including wild boar. The first Dachshund club (Britain) was founded in 1881.
The Miniature Wire-Haired Dachshund has a moderately long body (exaggerated length of body will cause weakness and severe back disease ), he is muscular, compact and rather short in leg. The Miniature Wire-Haired Dachshund has a straight, short, harsh wiry coat and a finer dense undercoat; he has a beard and bushy eyebrows; his ears are somewhat smooth; the chest is deep, allowing enough lung capacity; the muzzle is moderately long with a strong jaw. Height at the withers is no more than half the length of his body. His eyes are almond-shaped, medium in size and set obliquely with colour depending on the colour of his coat. Ears are set high, of medium length, broad and rounded.
Is a form of epilepsy that affects many Miniature wire-haired Dachshunds. Dachshunds suffering from this disease should not be bred from.
The Dachshund Breed Council Health and Welfare Sub-committee(UK) works in partnership with The Kennel Club(UK), The Animal Health Trust(UK) and other professional bodies for the improvement of the breed’s health and welfare.
Health & Welfare Information from the Dachshund Breed Council . Dogs can live pain-free, happy lives after a back injury www.dodgerslist.com Web site & email list group offering education and support for owners and all dogs suffering from disc disease DodgersList gathers information on current treatments and alternatives for Inter-vertebral.
Disc Disease (IVDD). Website information reflects what is commonly recommended by experts in neurology, orthopaedic and physical therapy fields. Many Dodger members have extensive experience with IVDD, which can be a problem in Dachshunds. As with any
treatment or supplemental programme, there is no replacement for good, quality veterinary care.
Preventing injury. While there is not much that can be done to prevent actual disc disease, there are several things you can try to do to minimise the risk of
injury: • Regular exercise • Keep them sleek and streamlined, as Dachshunds were meant to be. • Additional weight can put more stress on the spine; • Lift your Dachshund using two hands, one supporting the chest and one supporting the
back; • It is essential to limit your Dachshund’s use of stairs. Be very cautious in allowing them to jump on and off furniture, including beds; • The use of ramps is strongly encouraged; • Use a harness and not a collar.
Premature ageing of the disc: Dachshunds have a condition known as CHONDRODYSTROPHY – “chondro” means cartilage and “dystrophy” means disorder. Chondrodystrophy refers to the abnormal development of bone from a cartilage skeleton during growth from a puppy to an adult. The long bones of the body tend to be affected the most and this results in short limbs. It is
“genetically programmed” in dwarf breeds such as Dachshunds. Discs have an outer fibrous capsule (annulus) and inner gel nucleus. Discs degenerate with age in all animals – they lose water, become more fibrous and sometimes mineralized (calcified). The fibrous annulus can also rupture. Degeneration takes place earlier
in chondrodystrophic breeds, i.e. from 12-18 months, compared with 6-8 years in nonchondrodystrophic breeds.
Disc disease can and does happen at any age.
Predicting back problems – Sometimes, even though Dachshunds may not show a back problem, radiographs (X-rays) may show disc calcification. It’s important to note that radiographs do not always confirm the presence of a back problem and there is no proof at this time that calcifications mean IVDD.
Signs of disc problems and available treatments Signs that may occur with cervical (neck) disc disease: • Crying, when eating or drinking, or for no clear reason • Poor appetite due to pain (mainly due to difficulty in lowering head to eat); • Muscle spasms, and reluctance to move due to pain;• One or both front legs could be lame.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.
Credit; The United Kennel Club. – http://www.ukcdogs.com/
THE DACHSHUND BREED COUNCIL. (UK)
Code of Ethics
Below is the mandatory Code of Ethics that all Dachshunds Clubs have adopted in agreement with the Kennel Club.
All breeders who register their puppies, and new owners who register ownership of their dogs with the Kennel Club, accept the jurisdiction of the Kennel Club and undertake to abide by its general Code of Ethics.
- Will properly house, feed, water and exercise all dogs under their care and arrange for appropriate veterinary attention if and when required.
- Will agree without reservation that any veterinary surgeon performing an operation on any of their dogs which alters the natural conformation of the animal, or who carries out a caesarean section on a bitch, may report such operation to the Kennel Club.
- Will agree that no healthy puppy will be culled. Puppies which may not conform to the Breed Standard should be placed in suitable homes.
- Will abide by all aspects of the Animal Welfare Act.
- Will not create demand for, nor supply, puppies that have been docked illegally.
- Will agree not to breed from a dog or bitch which could be in any way harmful to the dog or to the breed.
- Will not allow any of their dogs to roam at large or to cause a nuisance to neighbours or those carrying out official duties.
- Will ensure that their dogs wear properly tagged collars and will be kept leashed or under effective control when away from home.
- Will clean up after their dogs in public places or anywhere their dogs are being exhibited.
- Will only sell dogs where there is a reasonable expectation of a happy and healthy life and will help with the re-homing of a dog if the initial circumstances change.
- Will supply written details of all dietary requirements and give guidance concerning responsible ownership when placing dogs in a new home.
- Will ensure that all relevant Kennel Club documents are provided to the new owner when selling or transferring a dog, and will agree, in writing, to forward any relevant documents at the earliest opportunity, if not immediately available.
- Will not sell any dog to commercial dog wholesalers, retail pet dealers or directly or indirectly allow dogs to be given as a prize or donation in a competition of any kind. Will not sell by sale or auction Kennel Club registration certificates as stand alone items (not accompanying a dog).
- Will not knowingly misrepresent the characteristics of the breed nor falsely advertise dogs nor mislead any person regarding the health or quality of a dog.
- I will provide a statement that the dog/puppy has been wormed and a suggested routine to follow.
- I will provide an insurance certificate covering veterinary fees for six weeks from the date of purchase.
- I will discourage indiscriminate breeding, bearing in mind always the welfare of the bitch as a primary consideration and the long-term welfare of any puppies bred by me.
- I will not breed from any stock that has, or may carry, any serious hereditary faults. In particular I will not allow any dog to be used at stud if he has, or could carry; serious hereditary faults and I will be very selective of the bitches on which he is used. If health screening/testing is available for any hereditary disease/illness carried by my breed, I will ensure all my breeding stock is tested.
- I will not knowingly mate 2 dapples together.
- I will not allow any of my dogs to be used irresponsibly at stud.
- I will not breed irresponsibly
(a) from any bitch less than one year of age at the time of mating and only if she is considered mature enough to raise a litter of puppies.
(b) from any dam which is 8 years or over at the date of whelping unless I obtain Kennel Club permission.
(c) from any dam which has whelped 4 litters (KC Regulation from 01/01/12)
(d) more than one litter in a twelve-month period per bitch (except with veterinary advice)
22. No bitch to be mated who has had 2 caesarean sections (as this may indicate possible whelping difficulties).
23. No bitch more than 4 weeks in whelp should be imported, exported or exhibited.
24. As a judge I will act with courtesy and integrity to all exhibitors, I will judge according to the standard of points and will consider as part of my decisions the temperament and physical condition of the dogs judges, in particular exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be seriously penalised.
25. As an exhibitor I will enjoy and applaud other people’s success, be welcoming to newcomers and ensure as far as I am able that my dogs behave quietly at a show.
26. No member shall use social media to make derogatory comments – direct or implied – about another member, the association or an official of the association. Such conduct may be considered incompatible with continued membership and may lead to the expulsion of that member.
Breach of these provisions may result in expulsion from club membership, and/or disciplinary action by the Kennel Club and/or reporting to the relevant authorities for legal action, as appropriate.