Canadian Eskimo Dog Information

The Canadian Eskimo Dog could be found living with the Inuit people throughout the Arctic provinces of Canada from around 2000 years ago. These dogs were used for pulling sledges across the snow filled planes to transport for the Inuit people, they were also used to help in hunting, mainly Seals, and as protectors against Polar Bears. The Canadian Kennel Club estimate that there are only about 280 Canadian Eskimo Dogs registered throughout the world to-date. Let’s hope this situation will improve by new followers coming into this very loyal, affectionate, breed, especially as the make such wonderful all round family pets.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog’s appearance shows a powerful physique, as would befit a hard-working dog. As is typical of all ‘spitz’ breeds, his triangular ears are erect; his tail is heavily feathered and carried over his back. The females are small than the males and she is finer in bone and her coat is a little shorter. The Canadian Eskimo Dog’s coat is thick and even thicker around his neck. The undercoat is soft and quite dense with rather coarse guard hairs coming through. The Canadian Eskimo Dog comes in most canine colours including pure white, white with coloured head markings, solid black, silver, the darker coloured coat normally has mask-markings making them very attractive.


Currently the CED/CID has not shown serious signs of genetic disorders, health issues or diseases. They are screening tests that breeders and the CEDCGB recommend, these are hip testing or scoring as it is otherwise known and eye tests.
There have however been dogs in the UK and around the world with reported or suspected health issues. Some of these are listed and explained below.
Cryptorchidism: where one or both testicles fail to descend normally into the scrotum and are retained within the dog. This is not to be confused with monorchidism: where the dog only has one testicle. Cryptorchidism has been researched in many breeds and is believed to be genetic. This means it runs in families or lines.

Hip Dysplasia: an abnormal formation of the hip joints. Tested for by xraying the dogs pelvic/hip area. It can be painful and cause severe stiffness to the joints giving obvious movement issues. This can be caused by injury but most commonly is an hereditary fault passed on by either or both of the parents. The CED/CID now has a breed mean score of 14 by the BVA.

Other health issues that have been reported but not seen regularly in the breed are detached Retina’s, Addison’s disease, Allergies and fertility problems. If you know of any health issues please share this information. Not only is it important now but for the future of the breed.